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The Treatment of the Process of "Underestanding": A Few Aspects.
by S.G.Sekundant and Yu.I.Zuyev (Odessa, the Ukraine)
There are more than one facet in the process discussed, that is why examined are only such ones: Understanding as a Symbolic Act, Understanding as an Intentional Act, Understanding as Constructive Activity, Understanding as a Dialogue.

The System of Reflectivity.
by A.A.Gagayev (Ruzayevka, Mordovia).
The correlation of reflectivity with various types of activity is discussed. There are at least five types of reflectivity, and the operation of finding the single properety of similatity (=establishing the meaning identical with the reality of the 5 reflectivities) is UNDERSTANDING.

The Anthropic Principle in the Theory of Understanding Motor Acts' Nature.
by S.V.Dmitriev (Nizhni Novgorod).
The purpose-oriented methods of the movement activities of a sportman z3g are demonstrated and analysed by the concrete examples from the theoretical and practical points of wiew.

The Psychologo-Reflective Aspects op the Professional Education of the Managerial Staff for Fast-Developing Organizations.
by I.N.Semyonov, A.V.Losev (Moscow).
A contradiction is discussed, that of the traditional Soviet managerial systems and the real needs of the developing economics of Russia.

M.Nordau's Critical Writings as an Example of the Antireflective Approach to the Artistic Text.
by V.Yu.Lebedev (Tver).
Max Nordau (1849 - 1923) once was very popular. At the same time a more serious analysis shows that his judjments as to artistic production are based on watching predications of the text, not its meanings and ideas.

Irony and Metaphysics - The Two Ways of Understanding.
by I.M.Fedoseyeva (Riga, Latvia).
The metaphysical form of understanding is possible due to those metaphysical principles which are equally in force both to the person who understands and to the person who is to be understood. (Both belong to one and the same system). The ironical way of understanding ensures an understanding between representatives of two different metaphysical systems.

Understanding a Word in a Psycholinguistic Experiment.
by Ye.N.Shovgela (Kryvy Rig, the Ukraine).
Discussed are meaningful influences on understanding words due to the subject's sex.

Understanding Text: An Anthropocentric Orientation.
by A.M.Kholod (Krivy Rig, the Ukraine).
Discussed are the poroblems connected with the marking of psycho-sexual deviations in speech activities as well as the problems of man's and woman's speech pictures of the world (on the material of Russian-speaking contingents).

Public Relations: Understanding and Reflectivity in the Technology of Modern Management.
by G.L.Tulchinsky (St.Peterburg).
The technology of Public Relations implies the use of the complete inventory of hermeneutic procedures, so it is a technology of applied hermeneutics.

The Translator's Reflectivity: the Empirical and the Hypothetic Referent in Translation.
by S.V.Vlasenko (Moscow).
The paradigm of opposition "empirical/hypothetical referent" is the key-construct for defining the difficulty of the text of the original.

Genre-Formation and Individuation as Techniques of Understanding.
by G.I.Bogin (Tver).
Genre-formation as a component of the author's activities is a rhetorical device, an element of the artistic rhetorical program. This program is in the process of reception immediately transformed into a hermeneutic program. The latter corresponds to the technique of individuation - singling out and following a specific ("individuated") method of perception, understanding and protracting meanings, meaningful prognostication etc.

Man as an Idea.
by A.Ye.Levintov (Monterrey, USA).
Not a thought is real but the feeling of penetration, contact with the inmost.

On the Problem of the Author's Hermeneutics.
by A.P.Tupitskaya (Kyiv, the Ukraine).
Discussed is the problem of the metasemantic level of understanding. This level is a characterization of the author - the first reader of what is written by himself.

Space-Time in Arseny Tarkovsky's Model of the World.
by Ye.A.Tikhomirova (Minsk, Belarus).
The ideal constructs of "At Home" and "Over the Window" are in a specific oppositin in the model of the world represented by Arseny Tarkovsky.

The Problems of Analysing Tonal Music.
by M.Sh.Bonfeld (Vologda).
The author, a professional musician, tries to answer this question: can we demand of the analysis of music (treated as a part of the theory of musical creativity) that it should solve some concrete, specific and at the same time wide enough problems? And if so, can we suppose that this solution would contribute to the formation of analysis as a systemic theoretical discipline? Much depends on the reality or unreality of the answers to these questions.

The Problems of Analysing Tonal Music (Musical Material).
by M.Sh.Bonfeld (Vologda).
The musical material as the object of understanding may be classified into three groups: preparatory, central and closing. It is only the closing material that has the function of "stopping the moment" (in Faust's meaning).

The Problems of Analysing Tonal Music (Part III).
by M.Sh.Bonfeld (Vologda).
The notion of structure is demonstrated as the level of musical form in which the typical and the individual are somehow balanced. The structuralizing processes are discussed - the ones embracing the typical correlations within the structure; along with rhythm they influence immediately the meanings and meaningfulness of the material. The phenomenon of the motive is also examined as an element belonging equally to the structure and to the system of meanings.

The Problem of Objectivation of the "Inner Consciousness/Time" in Early Medieval Visions.
by Yu.V.Luchinsky (Krasnodar).
The Medieval Visions expressed prophecies, revelations etc. In the phenomenological paradigm such events are to be defined as a modification of the inner consciousness/time. The modification needs objectivation for acquiring the status of intersubjectivity, otherwise the revelations can't be brought to the other members of the socium.

Historical Memory and its Role in Understanding a National Mentality.
by Ye. Celma (Riga, Latvia).
An important element of historical memory is discussed - the people's idea of the state. The idea of state organization fixed in the people's memory has long been in contradiction with the reality of state organization in Russia.

The Presentation and Perception of a Conceptual Picture of the World.
by T.G.Utrobina (Gorno-Altaysk, The Republic of Altai).
On the material of the Russian satire of the 1920th the researcher tries to connect an enhanced interest of the writers of the period in the introtextual author with the conceptual systems of the real and potential readers.

The Implicit and Explicit Meaning-Formation in the Process of Cultural Text Reception.
by G.I.Bogin (Tver).
The Cultural text reception is based upon two main principles: 1) the recipient's freedom is balanced by his approximately equivalent ability to serve a projection of the culture of his time, class, elite etc.; 2) this balance is reexpressed in an ability to apply to some socially adequate techniques of understanding.

The Ways of Forming the Artistic Idea in B.K.Zaytsev's "Avdotya the Death".
by V.Yu.Lebedev.
An accurate interpretation of the story (1927) gives us a chance not only to see the relatively complete inventory of the meanings esoterically represented in the text but also to see the principally implied artistic idea of "the dual world"; the idea is shared both by religion and by the Russian Romantic tradition. Thus both tendencies are represented in the text.

"SIBBOLETHS", SALIENT FEATURES AND SMALL TALK (REFLECTIONS ON TEXT INTERPRETATION LIMIT).
by V.G.BAIKOV (Horlivka, the Ukraine).
This paper's concern is the problem of limiting Text Interpretation Act for teaching purposes and controlling readers' schema by means of Salient Feature selection as a subjective aspect of text comprehension and "uttered reflection". The Salient Feature thus viewed shows itself as a factor involving the reader in, and taking him out of, the Hermeneutic Cycle. In this connection, a criticism is given of the Theory of Foregrounding and Climax Gradation as Decoder Stylistics categories. Foreign languages and Philology teachers and students are warned against the danger of stereotyped evaluative cliches often fed to the learners as patterns of authentic Text Interpretetion metalanguage just to keep the ball rolling in discussing books. It is claimed that suchlike practices, being mistaken for actual philological analysis, tend to kill the learners' reflectiven abilities by diverting them from this cognitive process.

Russian Literary Travels of the Middle of the XIX Century: Textual Formations associated with epistolary communication.
by O.A.Dydykina (Moscow).
The character of narration in this kind of texts helps us to understand some meanings and ideas on the basis of a better understanding of the style genesis: The character of narration here was effected by the epistolary form of written speech. The latter is characteristic of the genre of "friendly message" well developed in the Russian artistic prose of early 1800's. The genre form much influenced the system of meanings.

Phraseologisms as incarnations of mythology.
by V.A.Maslova (Vitsebsk, Belarus).
Many phraseologisms both in Byelorussian and in Russian originate from sayings of mythological character. E.g. "Rod-plemya", a customary collocation in Byelorussian having two main aspects - relatives of the family and, on the other hand, some social type: ^ai a_ "Aa"a? ?a ?oai1/4 A1/2

Punctuation and the Musical Word in the Philosophic World of V.F.Odoyevsky.
by A.V.Korenkov (Moscow).
An absolutely new textual material is under discussion: Odoyevsky's innovations in spelling and punctuation aimed at formation of a modified conceptual system, a new basis for a new hermeneutic program.

Key-Words and Understanding Artistic Texts.
by Ye.V.Sergeyeva (St.Peterburg).
In poetical texts key-words are always organized to a greater of smaller degree.

IMPLIED MEANINGS IN J.D.SALINGER`S STORIES AND INVERTING (english version) (please click here for russian version).
by Y.Z.Imayeva (Ufa, Bashkortostan).
The interpretations of Salinger`s stories are pivoted on finding the genetic starting point which Hegel and, later, Marx called the "cell" of the object under study. It is well known that Hegel described the method of obtaining concrete knowledge about an object as an ascent from the abstract to the concrete. In Salinger`s stories the "cell" is conceived by a few opening sentences where in one daub of color or, rather, a metaphoric image-symbol the reader is offered a key to the understanding of the text. Salinger`s stories show that their author was under a strong influence of Zen. Zen teaches that common logic cannot explain the inner essence of anything. Zen requires a special, metaphysical type of thinking, because only an image-symbol can lead to the intuitive perception of the truth. No less important is the idea that the truth comes in a flash, it can be established only by an insight. Salinger brings an object into being by demonstrating contrasting: affection and disaffection, love and hate. This approach can be traced back to Bohme`s philosophy. Any object can come into being only on one precondition: the existence of bonds that link its two states, i.e. its past and present. The author`s attitude to an object is realized through its mobility or motion. In Salinger`s works a character is generally seen through the prism of objects. The whole may belong to Muriel`s narrow-minded, materialistic consumer-dominated world or to the universe of Holden`s childhood epitomized in a baseball mitt. Salinger does not set great store by the colorful beauty of objects, he does not identify the object with the protagonist. His thought is more sophisticated: only the unity of its diverse states and conditions determines the presentation of an object.

"Enter My Situation" - an Essay of Reading.
by M.I.Vak (Odessa).
The saying "Enter my situation" is analysed by methods of philosophical (not philologial) hermeneutics. Understanding is discussed in the terms congenial with the terms of Aporia in the logic of cognition...

Metaphor as One of the Ways in Understanding the Human Being's Culture.
by S.A.Khakhalova (Irkutsk)
The problem of the metaphor to be discussed nowadays is one of the fascinating and prospectful problems in modern linguistics. This paper covers a particular question of interaction of the metaphor and culture relations in special types of utterance in different languages. Examining the metaphors, we find them depending on the ethnicity and culture of the participants, on the preceding data of sociocultural semiotics and other factors as well. This paper deals with analysis of metaphors in the literature of the Russian, Buryat, Mongolian and German peoples. The main problem is the need for understanding other cultures and for developing intercultural competence. The latter leads in some cases to problems in communication and understanding among cultures, in which metaphors take an important place. The nature of metaphors cannot be fully understood without treating them as a dynamic and cognitive domain, on the one hand, and as a dynamic und cultural domain on the other hand. The formal difference in language, culture, meaning and metaphor are discussed.

Some Results of the Business and Advertizing Texts Interpretation Practice.
by Ye.L.Shamsutdinova (Ekaterinburg).
There are factors regulating understanding of such texts: the real_situations of communication; the social role factor; the social intention factor; the social and cultural experience.

Repetitions and Parallelisms in V.Vysotsky's Lyric.
by N.V.Chumak (Uzhgorod, the Ukraine).
Repetitions and parallelisms in Vysotsky's poetry give life to a meaningful unity of the ideas of `living, loving, breathing'.

Idiolect as an Instrument of Poetical Texts Interpretation.
by I.A.Tarasova (Saratov). The basis of studying a poet's idiolect is the model of the semantic field in the works of the poet. Examples are taken from the poetry of Innokenty Annensky.

On the Metalanguage for Describing the Philological Interpretation of the Text.
by A.N.Silantyev (Stavropol).
On the material of N.A. Zabolotsky's poetry one may see that text interpretation form (with the text itself) is a category where the possible number of objects is infinite, but each is producible from any other in the presence of the original text. In this type of discourse we move to or from the text, reconstructing or deconstructing it, giving it a "frame-story" and a "cultural context", or deducing the implications of its structure.

The Sacral Text and the Problem of Translation.
by V.Yu.Lebedev (Tver).
The problem is: Is it obligatory for the sacral text to have a special inventory of expressive means without which the sacral character of the text is to be lost? The solution of the problem is especially important at the historical moment tending generally to desacralization in culture.

Hermeneunics in Biology and Biohermeneutics.
by S.V.Chebanov (St.Peterburg).
Now, when hermeneutics is coming into being again, there are sufficient reasons to determine the set of interpretation processes in organisms as biohermeneutics and the field of interpretation of biologists' activity as hermeneutics of biology. The basic category of biohermeneutics and hermeneutics of biology is enlogue (cf. dialogue in M.Buber sense). Enlogue is quasipersonal interaction between Living Beings or Living Being and Sensible Being when one enlogue's participant is projecting his organization into organization of the other participant(s). On this reason a concept is developed of the world as a net of actual and potential enlogues, instrumental investigation as reduced enlogues, biological interaction as special type of enlogue, etc.


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